ФОРУМ "БЕЗОПАСНОСТЬ БУДУЩЕГО". Rpg 7 usa


RPG-7 (USA) — американские копии российского гранатомета РПГ-7 в Перу

10:26 / 06.08.13

На состоявшемся 29 июля 2013 года в столице Перу Лиме военном параде в честь 192-й годовщины независимости этой страны, на оснащении частей сил специального назначения перуанской армии были замечены ручные противотанковые гранатометы RPG-7 (USA) - разработанные и выпускаемые американской компанией Airtronic USA Inc. модифицированные "клоны" известного советского РПГ-7.

 

Перу стало первым известным зарубежным пользователем этой системы.

 

На это обстоятельство обратил внимание польский веб-ресурс  Аltair.

 

 

РПГ американского производства Airtronic USA RPG-7 (USA) на оснащении сил специального назначения армии Перу. Лима, 29.07.2013 год

 

Компания Airtronic USA сейчас является основным производителем 40-мм противопехотных подствольных гранатометов серии М203.

 

Клон РПГ-7 был впервые представлен Airtronic USA в 2009 году (по некоторым сообщениям, он был разработан по заданию американских сил специального назначения), и с тех пор несколько раз модифицировался.

 

В отличие от "типового" РПГ-7, гранатомет от Airtronic USA оснащен семью планками Пикатинни со всех сторон, позволяющих крепить к нему различные "обвесы", устройства и прицелы.

 

РПГ американского производства Airtronic USA RPG-7 (USA)

 

Возможно крепление дополнительных рукояток различных форм и приклада от карабина М4. Пусковая труба RPG-7 (USA) выполнена не литой, как у оригинальной советской версии, а катаной из прочной ружейной стали 4140/4150, что позволило облегчить оружие, повысить его точность стрельбы, увеличить дальность прицельной стрельбы с опто-электронными прицелами до 1000 м, и увеличить ресурс трубы до 1000 выстрелов.

 

Масса гранатомета составляет 6,35 кг при длине 909 мм.Продемонстрированные перуанцами на параде 29 июля RPG-7 (USA) были оснащены американскими прицелами EOTech Holographic.

 

РПГ Airtronic USA Mk 777 (USA)

 

RPG-7 (USA) позволяет использовать все стандартные выстрелы для семейства РПГ-7. Компания-разработчик заявляет, что испытала свой гранатомет с выстрелами всех типов и производителей, которые смогла найти в мире.

 

Кроме того, Airtronic USA сама разработала еще одну модификацию гранатомета, обозначенную как Mk 777, с двумя типами самостоятельно разработанных гранат, которые, в отличие от типового RPG-7 (USA), пристыковываются в контейнере для выстрела к задней части укороченной трубы гранатомета.

 

Масса гранатомета Mk 777 в неснаряженном виде всего 3,5 кг, но ресурс трубы снижен до 250 выстрелов.

 

РПГ американского производства Airtronic USA RPG-7 (USA) на оснащении сил специального назначения армии Перу. Лима, 29.07.2013 год

 

www.arms-expo.ru

Реактивный противотанковый гранатомет Airtronic USA RPG-7 и Mk.777 (США)

Реактивный противотанковый гранатомет Airtronic USA RPG-7

Облегченный реактивный противотанковый гранатомет Airtronic USA Mk.777

 

 

Airtronic RPG-7

Airtronic Mk.777

Калибр

40 мм

Тип

Динамореактивный пуск + ракетный ускоритель

Длина

908 мм

915 мм

Вес (пустой)

7.09 кг

3.5 кг

Эффективная дальность стрельбы

~500 метров

~500 метров

Бронепробиваемость

До 700 мм + активная броня

 

Реактивный противотанковый гранатомет Airtronic USA RPG-7 является развитием одного из самых удачных противотанковых гранатометов послевоенного периода — советского РПГ-7. Огромная популярность гранатомета РПГ-7, распространенность по миру и доступность самого широкого спектра боеприпасов к нему в разных странах мира сподвигла американскую компанию  AirtronicUSAна разработку своего, оригинального варианта реактивного противотанкового гранатомета РПГ-7, более удобного в использовании чем оригинальный советский образец, и способного использовать все выпускаемые в мире выстрелы семейства ПГ-7, совместимые с оригинальным РПГ-7. Основным отличием появившегося в 2009 году гранатомета Airtronic USA RPG-7 от прототипа является несколько улучшенная эргономика и наличие направляющих типа Picatinnyrail, упрощающих установку широкого спектра оптических и ночных прицелов. В 2010 году компания  Airtronic USA выпустила и сильно облегченный вариант базовой советской системы, известный как Airtronic Mk.777. Этот гранатомет имеет углепластиковый ствол с тонкостенным стальным лейнером, что позволило уменьшить «пустую» массу оружия практически в два раза при сохранении всех его боевых характеристик.

По устройству и используемым типам боеприпасов гранатометы семейства  Airtronic USA RPG-7 не отличаются принципиально от российского прототипа, реактивного противотанкового гранатомета РПГ-7.

modernfirearms.net

Американские копии РПГ-7 в Перу

Польский веб-ресурс www.altair.com.pl обращает внимание, что на состоявшемся 29 июля 2013 года в столице Перу Лиме военном параде в честь 192-й годовщины независимости этой страны, на оснащении частей сил специального назначения перуанской армии были замечены ручные противотанковые гранатометы RPG-7 (USA) - разработанные и выпускаемые американской компанией Airtronic USA Inc. модифицированные "клоны" известного советского РПГ-7. Перу стало первым известным зарубежным пользователем этой системы.

Компания Airtronic USA ( сайт ) сейчас является основным производителем 40-мм противопехотных подствольных гранатометов серии М203. Клон РПГ-7 был впервые представлен Airtronic USA в 2009 году (по некоторым сообщениям, он был разработан по заданию американских сил специального назначения), и с тех пор несколько раз модифицировался. В отличие от "типового" РПГ-7, гранатомет от Airtronic USA оснащен семью планками Пикатинни со всех сторон, позволяющих крепить к нему различные "обвесы", устройства и прицелы. Возможно крепление дополнительных рукояток различных форм и приклада от карабина М4. Пусковая труба RPG-7 (USA) выполнена не литой, как у оригинальной советской версии, а катаной из прочной ружейной стали 4140/4150, что позволило облегчить оружие, повысить его точность стрельбы, увеличить дальность прицельной стрельбы с опто-электронными прицелами до 1000 м, и увеличить ресурс трубы до 1000 выстрелов. Масса гранатомета составляет 6,35 кг при длине 909 мм.Продемонстрированные перуанцами на параде 29 июля RPG-7 (USA) были оснащены американскими прицелами EOTech Holographic.

RPG-7 (USA) позволяет использовать все стандартные выстрелы для семейства РПГ-7. Компания-разработчик заявляет, что испытала свой гранатомет с выстрелами всех типов и производителей, которые смогла найти в мире. Кроме того, Airtronic USA сама разработала еще одну модификацию гранатомета, обозначенную как Mk 777, с двумя типами самостоятельно разработанных гранат, которые, в отличие от типового RPG-7 (USA), пристыковываются в контейнере для выстрела к задней части укороченной трубы гранатомета. Масса гранатомета Mk 777 в неснаряженном виде всего 3,5 кг, но ресурс трубы снижен до 250 выстрелов.

РПГ американского производства Airtronic USA RPG-7 (USA) на оснащении сил специального назначения армии Перу. Лима, 29.07.2013 (с) Xinhua

РПГ американского производства Airtronic USA RPG-7 (USA) (с) Remigiusz Wilk / www.altair.com.pl

РПГ Airtronic USA Mk 777 (USA) (с) Remigiusz Wilk / www.altair.com.pl

РПГ американского производства Airtronic USA RPG-7 (USA) на оснащении сил специального назначения армии Перу. Лима, 29.07.2013 (с) Cris Bouroncle

bmpd.livejournal.com

Airtronic USA RPG-7 и Mk.777

Airtronic RPG-7

Airtronic Mk.777

Калибр

40 мм

Тип

Динамореактивный пуск + ракетный ускоритель

Длина

908 мм

915 мм

Вес (пустой)

7.09 кг

3.5 кг

Эффективная дальность стрельбы

~500 метров

~500 метров

Бронепробиваемость

До 700 мм + активная броня

 

Реактивный противотанковый гранатомет Airtronic USA RPG-7 является развитием одного из самых удачных противотанковых гранатометов послевоенного периода — советского РПГ-7.Рассказывает wofmd.com Огромная популярность гранатомета РПГ-7, распространенность по миру и доступность самого широкого спектра боеприпасов к нему в разных странах мира сподвигла американскую компанию  AirtronicUSAна разработку своего, оригинального варианта реактивного противотанкового гранатомета РПГ-7, более удобного в использовании чем оригинальный советский образец, и способного использовать все выпускаемые в мире выстрелы семейства ПГ-7, совместимые с оригинальным РПГ-7. Основным отличием появившегося в 2009 году гранатомета Airtronic USA RPG-7 от прототипа является несколько улучшенная эргономика и наличие направляющих типа Picatinnyrail, упрощающих установку широкого спектра оптических и ночных прицелов. В 2010 году компания  Airtronic USA выпустила и сильно облегченный вариант базовой советской системы, известный как Airtronic Mk.777. Этот гранатомет имеет углепластиковый ствол с тонкостенным стальным лейнером, что позволило уменьшить «пустую» массу оружия практически в два раза при сохранении всех его боевых характеристик.

По устройству и используемым типам боеприпасов гранатометы семейства  Airtronic USA RPG-7 не отличаются принципиально от российского прототипа, реактивного противотанкового гранатомета РПГ-7.

wofmd.com

definition of rpg-7 and synonyms of rpg-7 (English)

The RPG-7 (Russian: РПГ-7) is a widely-produced, portable, unguided, shoulder-launched, anti-tank rocket-propelled grenade launcher. Originally the RPG-7 (Ручной Противотанковый Гранатомёт - Ruchnoy Protivotankovyy Granatomyot, Hand-held anti-tank grenade launcher) and its predecessor, the RPG-2, were designed by the Soviet Union and are now manufactured by the Bazalt company. The weapon has the GRAU index 6G3. The English-language term "RPG", meaning "rocket-propelled grenade", though frequently encountered and reasonably descriptive, is not based on a literal translation.

The ruggedness, simplicity, low cost, and effectiveness of the RPG-7 has made it the most widely used anti-tank weapon in the world. Currently around 40 countries use the weapon, and it is manufactured in a number of variants by nine countries. It is also popular with irregular and guerrilla forces. The RPG has been used in almost all conflicts across all continents since the mid-1960s from the Vietnam War to the present day War in Afghanistan.

The most commonly seen major variations are the RPG-7D paratrooper model (able to be broken into two parts for easier carrying), and the lighter Chinese Type 69 RPG. DIO of Iran manufactures RPG-7s with olive green handguards, H&K pistol grips, and a Commando variant.

The RPG-7 was first delivered to the Soviet Army in 1961 and deployed at a squad level. It replaced the RPG-2, having clearly out-performed the intermediate RPG-4 design during testing. The current model produced by Russia is the RPG-7V2, capable of firing standard and dual high explosive anti-tank (HEAT) rounds, high explosive/fragmentation, and thermobaric warheads (see below), with a UP-7V sighting device fitted (used in tandem with the standard 2.7x PGO-7 optical sight) to allow the use of extended range ammunition. The RPG-7D3 is the equivalent paratrooper model. Both the RPG-7V2 and RPG-7D3 were adopted by the Russian Ground Forces in 2001.

  Description

The launcher is reloadable and based around a simple steel tube, 40 millimeters in diameter, 95.3 centimeters long, and weighing 7 kilograms. The middle of the tube is wood wrapped to protect the user from heat and the end is flared to assist in blast shielding and recoil reduction. Sighting is usually optical with a back-up iron sight, and passive infra-red and night sights are also available.

As with similar weapons, the grenade protrudes from the launch tubes. It is 40-105 millimeters in diameter and weighs between 2.5 and 4.5 kilograms. It is launched by a gunpowder booster charge, giving it an initial speed of 115 meters per second, and creating a cloud of light grey-blue smoke. The rocket motor[2] ignites after 10 meters and sustains flight out to 500 meters at a maximum velocity of 295 meters per second. The grenade is stabilized by two sets of fins that deploy in-flight: one large set on the stabilizer pipe to maintain direction and a smaller front set to induce rotation. The grenade can fly up to 1,100 meters; the fuze sets the maximum range, usually 920 meters.

  Propulsion system

According to the United States Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) Bulletin 3u (1977) Soviet RPG-7 Antitank Grenade Launcher—Capabilities and Countermeasures, the RPG-7 munition has 2 sections: a "booster" section and a "warhead and sustainer motor" section. These must be assembled into the ready-to-use grenade. The booster consists of a "small strip powder charge" that serves to propel the grenade out of the launcher, the sustainer motor ignites and propels the grenade for the next few seconds, reaching a speed of 294 meters per second. The TRADOC bulletin provides anecdotal commentary that the RPG-7 has been fired from within buildings, which agrees with the two-stage design. It is stated that only a 2-meter standoff to a rear obstruction is needed for use inside rooms or fortifications. The fins not only provide drag stabilization, but are designed to impart a slow rotation to the grenade.

Due to the configuration of the RPG-7 sustainer/warhead section, it responds counter-intuitively to crosswinds. A crosswind will tend to exert pressure on the stabilizing fins, causing the projectile to turn into the wind. While the rocket motor is still burning, this will cause the flight path to curve into the wind. The TRADOC bulletin explains aiming difficulties for more distant moving targets in crosswinds at some length.The RPG-7 has no noticeable recoil, the only effect during firing being that of the sudden lightness of the launcher as the rocket leaves the tube.

  Ammunition

The RPG-7 can fire a variety of warheads for anti-armor (HEAT, PG-Protivotankovaya Granata) or anti-personnel (HE, OG-Oskolochnaya Granata) purposes, usually fitting with an impact (PIBD) and a 4.5 second fuze. Armor penetration is warhead dependent and ranges from 30 to 60 centimeters of RHA; one warhead, the PG-7VR, is a 'tandem charge' device, used to defeat reactive armor with a single shot.

Current production ammunition for the RPG-7V2 consists of four types:

  • PG-7VL [c.1977] Improved 93 mm HEAT warhead effective against most vehicles and fortified targets. Replaces the earlier 83mm PG-7V HEAT warhead [c.1961].
  • PG-7VR [c.1988] Dual 64mm/105mm HEAT warhead for defeating modern armored vehicles equipped with reactive armor blocks. The first warhead (64mm HEAT) detonates the reactive armor block prematurely and the second warhead (105mm HEAT) passes through the gap to hit the exposed armor underneath.
  • TBG-7V [c.1988] 105 mm Thermobaric warhead for anti-personnel and urban warfare.
  • OG-7V [c.1999] 40mm fragmentation warhead for anti-personnel warfare (warhead is within caliber due to limitations of international treaties)[citation needed]

  Specifications

Manufacturer specifications for the RPG-7V1.[3][4]

  Rocket propelled grenades

  Inside of an RPG's three sections. The head contains the (1) trigger, (2) conductive cone, (3) aerodynamic fairing, (4) conical liner, (5) body, (6) explosive, (7) conductor and (8) detonator. The rocket motor consists of a (9) nozzle block, (10) nozzle and (11) motor body with (12) propellant in front of (13) the motor rear and (14) ignition primer. The booster charge includes the (15) fin, (16) cartridge, (17) charge, (18) turbine, (19) tracer and (20) foam wad.

Name Type Weight Explosive Weight[5][6][7] Diameter Penetration Lethal radius
PG-7V Single-stage HEAT 2.2 kg (4.85 lb) 85 mm (3.35 in) > 260 mm RHA (10.24 in)
PG-7VL Single-stage HEAT 2.6 kg (5.7 lb) 730 g окфол (95% HMX + 5% wax) 93 mm (3.65 in) > 500 mm RHA (19.5 in)
PG-7VR Tandem HEAT 4.5 kg (9.9 lb)  ?/1.43 kg окфол (95% HMX + 5% wax) 64 mm/105 mm (2.52 in/4.13 in) 600 mm RHA(with reactive armor)

750 mm RHA(without reactive armor)

OG-7V Fragmentation 2 kg (4 lb) 210 g (0.46 lb) A-IX-1 40 mm (1.6 in) 7 m (23 ft)(vs. body armor)
TBG-7V Single-stage thermobaric 4.5 kg (9.9 lb) 1.9 kg ОМ 100МИ-3Л + 0.25 kg A-IX-1 105 mm (4.1 in) 10 m (33 ft)

  Hit probabilities

A US Army evaluation of the weapon gave the hit probabilities on a 5 meter wide (15 ft), 2.5 meter tall (7.5 ft) panel moving sideways at 4 meters per second (9 miles per hour).[8] This probability decreases when firing into crosswind due to the unusual behaviour of the round; in a 7-mile (11 km) -per-hour wind, the gunner can not expect to get a first-round hit more than 50% of the time beyond 180m.[9]

Range Percent
50 m 100%
100 m 96 %
200 m 51 %
300 m 22 %
400 m 9 %
500 m 4 %

  History of use

Accurate firing is difficult at ranges over 300 meters and with the RPG-7 the phrase "the closer the better" has always been true. During the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan the mujahideen tended to use the weapon at ranges of less than 80 meters. They were used in the Vietnam war to counter the introduction of the lightly armored M113. This was countered by the mounting of barbed wire bundles or placing sections of chain link fence supported by 2 or 3 "U" shaped engineer stakes in front of the vehicle as a portable stand-off.[10] Coalition armoured vehicles in Iraq have been fitted with "birdcage" slat armour to protect against RPGs.

The RPG-7 was used by the Provisional Irish Republican Army in Northern Ireland from 1969 to 2005, most notably in Lurgan, County Armagh, where it was used against British Army observation posts and the towering military base at Kitchen Hill in the town.[11] The IRA also used them in Catholic areas of West Belfast against British Army armoured personnel carriers and Army forward operating bases (FOB). Beechmount Avenue was renamed "RPG Avenue" because it was chosen many times by the IRA to mount rocket attacks.[12]

In Mogadishu, Somalia, rocket-propelled grenades were used to down two US Black hawk helicopters.[13]

The mujaheddin (in Afghanistan) have formed armored-vehicle hunter/killer teams that work together with as many as 15 RPGs to destroy armoured vehicles.[14]

335 pieces of RPG-7 are expected to be delivered in Philippine Army through a government-to-government transaction.[15]

  Users

  U.S. and Bulgarian soldiers training with RPG-7s.

  A Bulgarian soldier with an ATGL-L(Bulgarian copy of the RPG-7) equipped with a red dot reflex sight.

  A Romanian soldier with an AG-7 (licensed built RPG-7).

  See also

  References

  1. ^ "RPG-7/RPG-7V/RPG-7VR Rocket Propelled Grenade Launcher (Multi Purpose Weapon)". Defense Update. 2006. http://defense-update.com/products/r/rpg.htm. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  2. ^ no rocket motors in OG-7V
  3. ^ "Rosoboronexport". Rusarm.ru. http://www.rusarm.ru/. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  4. ^ John Pike. "RPG-7". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/russia/rpg-7-specs.htm. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  5. ^ Per Ordata
  6. ^ Per [1] The last picture,source from deputy chief designer of Bazalt
  7. ^ Per [2] defense-update RPG-29 due to PG-29V and PG-7VR has same warhead
  8. ^ TRADOC BULLETIN 1, Range and Lethality of U.S. and Soviet Anti-Armour Weapons.. United States Army Training And Doctrine Command. 30 September 1975. 
  9. ^ TRADOC BULLETIN 3, Soviet RPG-7 Antitank Grenade Launcher.. United States Army Training And Doctrine Command. November 1976. 
  10. ^ S.Taylor. "A Troop 4th Squadron, 12th US Cavalry, 1st Brigade 5th Infantry Division (Mechanized)". Atroop412cav.com. http://www.atroop412cav.com/tools/other.html. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  11. ^ Oppenheimer, A.R. (2009). IRA The Bombs and the Bullets: A history of deadly ingenuity. Dublin: Irish Academic Press. p. 227. ISBN 978-0-7165-2895-1. pgs: 240 - 241
  12. ^ Harrison, David (2007-05-13). "Fragile calm behind Ulster's 'peace walls'". Telegraph.co.uk. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1551421/Fragile-calm-behind-Ulsters-peace-walls.html. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  13. ^ Speck, Shane (2004-03-11). "How Rocket-Propelled Grenades Work". Science.howstuffworks.com. http://science.howstuffworks.com/rpg4.htm. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  14. ^ "Popular Mechanics Mar 2004". Books.google.com.my. http://books.google.com.my/books?id=5NIDAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA67&lpg=PA67&dq=Afghanistan)+have+adopting+tactics+that+included+forming+armor-vehicle+hunter-killer+teams&source=bl&ots=_CXmpN8osA&sig=TkmMa1Ls66uEMZF0q4_XlRj8jW4&hl=en&sa=X&ei=VgkeT4mcAoPtrAeu86XMDA&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=Afghanistan)%20have%20adopting%20tactics%20that%20included%20forming%20armor-vehicle%20hunter-killer%20teams&f=false. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  15. ^ Template:Http://www.timawa.net/forum/index.php?topic=26818.0
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm Jones, Richard D. Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010. Jane's Information Group; 35 edition (January 27, 2009). ISBN 978-0-7106-2869-5.
  17. ^ ATGL-L anti-tank grenade launcher, arsenal.bg
  18. ^ http://www.geo-army.ge/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=331%3A2012-04-11-16-56-51&catid=27%3Anews&lang=ka
  19. ^ Lugosi, József (2008). "Gyalogsági fegyverek 1868–2008". In Lugosi, József; Markó, György. Hazánk dicsőségére: 160 éves a Magyar Honvédség. Budapest: Zrínyi Kiadó. p. 389. ISBN 978-963-327-461-3. 
  20. ^ Katz, Samuel (1986) Israeli Defence Forces Since 1973. Osprey ISBN 0-85045-687-8
  21. ^ "Modern Firearms - RPG-7". World.guns.ru. http://world.guns.ru/grenade/rus/rpg-7-e.html. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  22. ^ Carfil website[dead link]
  23. ^ http://www.army.mil.za/equipment/weaponsystems/infantry/RPG7ATRL_106mm­_Recoilless_Rifle_Syst.htm
  24. ^ Sinar Light Antitank Rocket Launcher Retrieved on March 17, 2009.
  25. ^ John Pike (2004-05-14). "The future of Russian-Turkish military-technical cooperation". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/news/2006/06/mil-060626-rianovosti03.htm#. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  26. ^ "RPG-7V1". Fav-club.com. http://fav-club.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=297:rpg-7v1&catid=11:armas-ejercito. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 

  External links

   

dictionary.sensagent.com

definition of rpg_7 and synonyms of rpg_7 (English)

The RPG-7 (Russian: РПГ-7) is a widely-produced, portable, unguided, shoulder-launched, anti-tank rocket-propelled grenade launcher. Originally the RPG-7 (Ручной Противотанковый Гранатомёт - Ruchnoy Protivotankovyy Granatomyot, Hand-held anti-tank grenade launcher) and its predecessor, the RPG-2, were designed by the Soviet Union and are now manufactured by the Bazalt company. The weapon has the GRAU index 6G3. The English-language term "RPG", meaning "rocket-propelled grenade", though frequently encountered and reasonably descriptive, is not based on a literal translation.

The ruggedness, simplicity, low cost, and effectiveness of the RPG-7 has made it the most widely used anti-tank weapon in the world. Currently around 40 countries use the weapon, and it is manufactured in a number of variants by nine countries. It is also popular with irregular and guerrilla forces. The RPG has been used in almost all conflicts across all continents since the mid-1960s from the Vietnam War to the present day War in Afghanistan.

The most commonly seen major variations are the RPG-7D paratrooper model (able to be broken into two parts for easier carrying), and the lighter Chinese Type 69 RPG. DIO of Iran manufactures RPG-7s with olive green handguards, H&K pistol grips, and a Commando variant.

The RPG-7 was first delivered to the Soviet Army in 1961 and deployed at a squad level. It replaced the RPG-2, having clearly out-performed the intermediate RPG-4 design during testing. The current model produced by Russia is the RPG-7V2, capable of firing standard and dual high explosive anti-tank (HEAT) rounds, high explosive/fragmentation, and thermobaric warheads (see below), with a UP-7V sighting device fitted (used in tandem with the standard 2.7x PGO-7 optical sight) to allow the use of extended range ammunition. The RPG-7D3 is the equivalent paratrooper model. Both the RPG-7V2 and RPG-7D3 were adopted by the Russian Ground Forces in 2001.

  Description

The launcher is reloadable and based around a simple steel tube, 40 millimeters in diameter, 95.3 centimeters long, and weighing 7 kilograms. The middle of the tube is wood wrapped to protect the user from heat and the end is flared to assist in blast shielding and recoil reduction. Sighting is usually optical with a back-up iron sight, and passive infra-red and night sights are also available.

As with similar weapons, the grenade protrudes from the launch tubes. It is 40-105 millimeters in diameter and weighs between 2.5 and 4.5 kilograms. It is launched by a gunpowder booster charge, giving it an initial speed of 115 meters per second, and creating a cloud of light grey-blue smoke. The rocket motor[2] ignites after 10 meters and sustains flight out to 500 meters at a maximum velocity of 295 meters per second. The grenade is stabilized by two sets of fins that deploy in-flight: one large set on the stabilizer pipe to maintain direction and a smaller front set to induce rotation. The grenade can fly up to 1,100 meters; the fuze sets the maximum range, usually 920 meters.

  Propulsion system

According to the United States Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) Bulletin 3u (1977) Soviet RPG-7 Antitank Grenade Launcher—Capabilities and Countermeasures, the RPG-7 munition has 2 sections: a "booster" section and a "warhead and sustainer motor" section. These must be assembled into the ready-to-use grenade. The booster consists of a "small strip powder charge" that serves to propel the grenade out of the launcher, the sustainer motor ignites and propels the grenade for the next few seconds, reaching a speed of 294 meters per second. The TRADOC bulletin provides anecdotal commentary that the RPG-7 has been fired from within buildings, which agrees with the two-stage design. It is stated that only a 2-meter standoff to a rear obstruction is needed for use inside rooms or fortifications. The fins not only provide drag stabilization, but are designed to impart a slow rotation to the grenade.

Due to the configuration of the RPG-7 sustainer/warhead section, it responds counter-intuitively to crosswinds. A crosswind will tend to exert pressure on the stabilizing fins, causing the projectile to turn into the wind. While the rocket motor is still burning, this will cause the flight path to curve into the wind. The TRADOC bulletin explains aiming difficulties for more distant moving targets in crosswinds at some length.The RPG-7 has no noticeable recoil, the only effect during firing being that of the sudden lightness of the launcher as the rocket leaves the tube.

  Ammunition

The RPG-7 can fire a variety of warheads for anti-armor (HEAT, PG-Protivotankovaya Granata) or anti-personnel (HE, OG-Oskolochnaya Granata) purposes, usually fitting with an impact (PIBD) and a 4.5 second fuze. Armor penetration is warhead dependent and ranges from 30 to 60 centimeters of RHA; one warhead, the PG-7VR, is a 'tandem charge' device, used to defeat reactive armor with a single shot.

Current production ammunition for the RPG-7V2 consists of four types:

  • PG-7VL [c.1977] Improved 93 mm HEAT warhead effective against most vehicles and fortified targets. Replaces the earlier 83mm PG-7V HEAT warhead [c.1961].
  • PG-7VR [c.1988] Dual 64mm/105mm HEAT warhead for defeating modern armored vehicles equipped with reactive armor blocks. The first warhead (64mm HEAT) detonates the reactive armor block prematurely and the second warhead (105mm HEAT) passes through the gap to hit the exposed armor underneath.
  • TBG-7V [c.1988] 105 mm Thermobaric warhead for anti-personnel and urban warfare.
  • OG-7V [c.1999] 40mm fragmentation warhead for anti-personnel warfare (warhead is within caliber due to limitations of international treaties)[citation needed]

  Specifications

Manufacturer specifications for the RPG-7V1.[3][4]

  Rocket propelled grenades

  Inside of an RPG's three sections. The head contains the (1) trigger, (2) conductive cone, (3) aerodynamic fairing, (4) conical liner, (5) body, (6) explosive, (7) conductor and (8) detonator. The rocket motor consists of a (9) nozzle block, (10) nozzle and (11) motor body with (12) propellant in front of (13) the motor rear and (14) ignition primer. The booster charge includes the (15) fin, (16) cartridge, (17) charge, (18) turbine, (19) tracer and (20) foam wad.

Name Type Weight Explosive Weight[5][6][7] Diameter Penetration Lethal radius
PG-7V Single-stage HEAT 2.2 kg (4.85 lb) 85 mm (3.35 in) > 260 mm RHA (10.24 in)
PG-7VL Single-stage HEAT 2.6 kg (5.7 lb) 730 g окфол (95% HMX + 5% wax) 93 mm (3.65 in) > 500 mm RHA (19.5 in)
PG-7VR Tandem HEAT 4.5 kg (9.9 lb)  ?/1.43 kg окфол (95% HMX + 5% wax) 64 mm/105 mm (2.52 in/4.13 in) 600 mm RHA(with reactive armor)

750 mm RHA(without reactive armor)

OG-7V Fragmentation 2 kg (4 lb) 210 g (0.46 lb) A-IX-1 40 mm (1.6 in) 7 m (23 ft)(vs. body armor)
TBG-7V Single-stage thermobaric 4.5 kg (9.9 lb) 1.9 kg ОМ 100МИ-3Л + 0.25 kg A-IX-1 105 mm (4.1 in) 10 m (33 ft)

  Hit probabilities

A US Army evaluation of the weapon gave the hit probabilities on a 5 meter wide (15 ft), 2.5 meter tall (7.5 ft) panel moving sideways at 4 meters per second (9 miles per hour).[8] This probability decreases when firing into crosswind due to the unusual behaviour of the round; in a 7-mile (11 km) -per-hour wind, the gunner can not expect to get a first-round hit more than 50% of the time beyond 180m.[9]

Range Percent
50 m 100%
100 m 96 %
200 m 51 %
300 m 22 %
400 m 9 %
500 m 4 %

  History of use

Accurate firing is difficult at ranges over 300 meters and with the RPG-7 the phrase "the closer the better" has always been true. During the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan the mujahideen tended to use the weapon at ranges of less than 80 meters. They were used in the Vietnam war to counter the introduction of the lightly armored M113. This was countered by the mounting of barbed wire bundles or placing sections of chain link fence supported by 2 or 3 "U" shaped engineer stakes in front of the vehicle as a portable stand-off.[10] Coalition armoured vehicles in Iraq have been fitted with "birdcage" slat armour to protect against RPGs.

The RPG-7 was used by the Provisional Irish Republican Army in Northern Ireland from 1969 to 2005, most notably in Lurgan, County Armagh, where it was used against British Army observation posts and the towering military base at Kitchen Hill in the town.[11] The IRA also used them in Catholic areas of West Belfast against British Army armoured personnel carriers and Army forward operating bases (FOB). Beechmount Avenue was renamed "RPG Avenue" because it was chosen many times by the IRA to mount rocket attacks.[12]

In Mogadishu, Somalia, rocket-propelled grenades were used to down two US Black hawk helicopters.[13]

The mujaheddin (in Afghanistan) have formed armored-vehicle hunter/killer teams that work together with as many as 15 RPGs to destroy armoured vehicles.[14]

335 pieces of RPG-7 are expected to be delivered in Philippine Army through a government-to-government transaction.[15]

  Users

  U.S. and Bulgarian soldiers training with RPG-7s.

  A Bulgarian soldier with an ATGL-L(Bulgarian copy of the RPG-7) equipped with a red dot reflex sight.

  A Romanian soldier with an AG-7 (licensed built RPG-7).

  See also

  References

  1. ^ "RPG-7/RPG-7V/RPG-7VR Rocket Propelled Grenade Launcher (Multi Purpose Weapon)". Defense Update. 2006. http://defense-update.com/products/r/rpg.htm. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  2. ^ no rocket motors in OG-7V
  3. ^ "Rosoboronexport". Rusarm.ru. http://www.rusarm.ru/. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  4. ^ John Pike. "RPG-7". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/russia/rpg-7-specs.htm. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  5. ^ Per Ordata
  6. ^ Per [1] The last picture,source from deputy chief designer of Bazalt
  7. ^ Per [2] defense-update RPG-29 due to PG-29V and PG-7VR has same warhead
  8. ^ TRADOC BULLETIN 1, Range and Lethality of U.S. and Soviet Anti-Armour Weapons.. United States Army Training And Doctrine Command. 30 September 1975. 
  9. ^ TRADOC BULLETIN 3, Soviet RPG-7 Antitank Grenade Launcher.. United States Army Training And Doctrine Command. November 1976. 
  10. ^ S.Taylor. "A Troop 4th Squadron, 12th US Cavalry, 1st Brigade 5th Infantry Division (Mechanized)". Atroop412cav.com. http://www.atroop412cav.com/tools/other.html. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  11. ^ Oppenheimer, A.R. (2009). IRA The Bombs and the Bullets: A history of deadly ingenuity. Dublin: Irish Academic Press. p. 227. ISBN 978-0-7165-2895-1. pgs: 240 - 241
  12. ^ Harrison, David (2007-05-13). "Fragile calm behind Ulster's 'peace walls'". Telegraph.co.uk. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1551421/Fragile-calm-behind-Ulsters-peace-walls.html. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  13. ^ Speck, Shane (2004-03-11). "How Rocket-Propelled Grenades Work". Science.howstuffworks.com. http://science.howstuffworks.com/rpg4.htm. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  14. ^ "Popular Mechanics Mar 2004". Books.google.com.my. http://books.google.com.my/books?id=5NIDAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA67&lpg=PA67&dq=Afghanistan)+have+adopting+tactics+that+included+forming+armor-vehicle+hunter-killer+teams&source=bl&ots=_CXmpN8osA&sig=TkmMa1Ls66uEMZF0q4_XlRj8jW4&hl=en&sa=X&ei=VgkeT4mcAoPtrAeu86XMDA&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=Afghanistan)%20have%20adopting%20tactics%20that%20included%20forming%20armor-vehicle%20hunter-killer%20teams&f=false. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  15. ^ Template:Http://www.timawa.net/forum/index.php?topic=26818.0
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm Jones, Richard D. Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010. Jane's Information Group; 35 edition (January 27, 2009). ISBN 978-0-7106-2869-5.
  17. ^ ATGL-L anti-tank grenade launcher, arsenal.bg
  18. ^ http://www.geo-army.ge/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=331%3A2012-04-11-16-56-51&catid=27%3Anews&lang=ka
  19. ^ Lugosi, József (2008). "Gyalogsági fegyverek 1868–2008". In Lugosi, József; Markó, György. Hazánk dicsőségére: 160 éves a Magyar Honvédség. Budapest: Zrínyi Kiadó. p. 389. ISBN 978-963-327-461-3. 
  20. ^ Katz, Samuel (1986) Israeli Defence Forces Since 1973. Osprey ISBN 0-85045-687-8
  21. ^ "Modern Firearms - RPG-7". World.guns.ru. http://world.guns.ru/grenade/rus/rpg-7-e.html. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  22. ^ Carfil website[dead link]
  23. ^ http://www.army.mil.za/equipment/weaponsystems/infantry/RPG7ATRL_106mm­_Recoilless_Rifle_Syst.htm
  24. ^ Sinar Light Antitank Rocket Launcher Retrieved on March 17, 2009.
  25. ^ John Pike (2004-05-14). "The future of Russian-Turkish military-technical cooperation". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/news/2006/06/mil-060626-rianovosti03.htm#. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  26. ^ "RPG-7V1". Fav-club.com. http://fav-club.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=297:rpg-7v1&catid=11:armas-ejercito. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 

  External links

   

dictionary.sensagent.com

definition of rpg 7 and synonyms of rpg 7 (English)

The RPG-7 (Russian: РПГ-7) is a widely-produced, portable, unguided, shoulder-launched, anti-tank rocket-propelled grenade launcher. Originally the RPG-7 (Ручной Противотанковый Гранатомёт - Ruchnoy Protivotankovyy Granatomyot, Hand-held anti-tank grenade launcher) and its predecessor, the RPG-2, were designed by the Soviet Union and are now manufactured by the Bazalt company. The weapon has the GRAU index 6G3. The English-language term "RPG", meaning "rocket-propelled grenade", though frequently encountered and reasonably descriptive, is not based on a literal translation.

The ruggedness, simplicity, low cost, and effectiveness of the RPG-7 has made it the most widely used anti-tank weapon in the world. Currently around 40 countries use the weapon, and it is manufactured in a number of variants by nine countries. It is also popular with irregular and guerrilla forces. The RPG has been used in almost all conflicts across all continents since the mid-1960s from the Vietnam War to the present day War in Afghanistan.

The most commonly seen major variations are the RPG-7D paratrooper model (able to be broken into two parts for easier carrying), and the lighter Chinese Type 69 RPG. DIO of Iran manufactures RPG-7s with olive green handguards, H&K pistol grips, and a Commando variant.

The RPG-7 was first delivered to the Soviet Army in 1961 and deployed at a squad level. It replaced the RPG-2, having clearly out-performed the intermediate RPG-4 design during testing. The current model produced by Russia is the RPG-7V2, capable of firing standard and dual high explosive anti-tank (HEAT) rounds, high explosive/fragmentation, and thermobaric warheads (see below), with a UP-7V sighting device fitted (used in tandem with the standard 2.7x PGO-7 optical sight) to allow the use of extended range ammunition. The RPG-7D3 is the equivalent paratrooper model. Both the RPG-7V2 and RPG-7D3 were adopted by the Russian Ground Forces in 2001.

  Description

The launcher is reloadable and based around a simple steel tube, 40 millimeters in diameter, 95.3 centimeters long, and weighing 7 kilograms. The middle of the tube is wood wrapped to protect the user from heat and the end is flared to assist in blast shielding and recoil reduction. Sighting is usually optical with a back-up iron sight, and passive infra-red and night sights are also available.

As with similar weapons, the grenade protrudes from the launch tubes. It is 40-105 millimeters in diameter and weighs between 2.5 and 4.5 kilograms. It is launched by a gunpowder booster charge, giving it an initial speed of 115 meters per second, and creating a cloud of light grey-blue smoke. The rocket motor[2] ignites after 10 meters and sustains flight out to 500 meters at a maximum velocity of 295 meters per second. The grenade is stabilized by two sets of fins that deploy in-flight: one large set on the stabilizer pipe to maintain direction and a smaller front set to induce rotation. The grenade can fly up to 1,100 meters; the fuze sets the maximum range, usually 920 meters.

  Propulsion system

According to the United States Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) Bulletin 3u (1977) Soviet RPG-7 Antitank Grenade Launcher—Capabilities and Countermeasures, the RPG-7 munition has 2 sections: a "booster" section and a "warhead and sustainer motor" section. These must be assembled into the ready-to-use grenade. The booster consists of a "small strip powder charge" that serves to propel the grenade out of the launcher, the sustainer motor ignites and propels the grenade for the next few seconds, reaching a speed of 294 meters per second. The TRADOC bulletin provides anecdotal commentary that the RPG-7 has been fired from within buildings, which agrees with the two-stage design. It is stated that only a 2-meter standoff to a rear obstruction is needed for use inside rooms or fortifications. The fins not only provide drag stabilization, but are designed to impart a slow rotation to the grenade.

Due to the configuration of the RPG-7 sustainer/warhead section, it responds counter-intuitively to crosswinds. A crosswind will tend to exert pressure on the stabilizing fins, causing the projectile to turn into the wind. While the rocket motor is still burning, this will cause the flight path to curve into the wind. The TRADOC bulletin explains aiming difficulties for more distant moving targets in crosswinds at some length.The RPG-7 has no noticeable recoil, the only effect during firing being that of the sudden lightness of the launcher as the rocket leaves the tube.

  Ammunition

The RPG-7 can fire a variety of warheads for anti-armor (HEAT, PG-Protivotankovaya Granata) or anti-personnel (HE, OG-Oskolochnaya Granata) purposes, usually fitting with an impact (PIBD) and a 4.5 second fuze. Armor penetration is warhead dependent and ranges from 30 to 60 centimeters of RHA; one warhead, the PG-7VR, is a 'tandem charge' device, used to defeat reactive armor with a single shot.

Current production ammunition for the RPG-7V2 consists of four types:

  • PG-7VL [c.1977] Improved 93 mm HEAT warhead effective against most vehicles and fortified targets. Replaces the earlier 83mm PG-7V HEAT warhead [c.1961].
  • PG-7VR [c.1988] Dual 64mm/105mm HEAT warhead for defeating modern armored vehicles equipped with reactive armor blocks. The first warhead (64mm HEAT) detonates the reactive armor block prematurely and the second warhead (105mm HEAT) passes through the gap to hit the exposed armor underneath.
  • TBG-7V [c.1988] 105 mm Thermobaric warhead for anti-personnel and urban warfare.
  • OG-7V [c.1999] 40mm fragmentation warhead for anti-personnel warfare (warhead is within caliber due to limitations of international treaties)[citation needed]

  Specifications

Manufacturer specifications for the RPG-7V1.[3][4]

  Rocket propelled grenades

  Inside of an RPG's three sections. The head contains the (1) trigger, (2) conductive cone, (3) aerodynamic fairing, (4) conical liner, (5) body, (6) explosive, (7) conductor and (8) detonator. The rocket motor consists of a (9) nozzle block, (10) nozzle and (11) motor body with (12) propellant in front of (13) the motor rear and (14) ignition primer. The booster charge includes the (15) fin, (16) cartridge, (17) charge, (18) turbine, (19) tracer and (20) foam wad.

Name Type Weight Explosive Weight[5][6][7] Diameter Penetration Lethal radius
PG-7V Single-stage HEAT 2.2 kg (4.85 lb) 85 mm (3.35 in) > 260 mm RHA (10.24 in)
PG-7VL Single-stage HEAT 2.6 kg (5.7 lb) 730 g окфол (95% HMX + 5% wax) 93 mm (3.65 in) > 500 mm RHA (19.5 in)
PG-7VR Tandem HEAT 4.5 kg (9.9 lb)  ?/1.43 kg окфол (95% HMX + 5% wax) 64 mm/105 mm (2.52 in/4.13 in) 600 mm RHA(with reactive armor)

750 mm RHA(without reactive armor)

OG-7V Fragmentation 2 kg (4 lb) 210 g (0.46 lb) A-IX-1 40 mm (1.6 in) 7 m (23 ft)(vs. body armor)
TBG-7V Single-stage thermobaric 4.5 kg (9.9 lb) 1.9 kg ОМ 100МИ-3Л + 0.25 kg A-IX-1 105 mm (4.1 in) 10 m (33 ft)

  Hit probabilities

A US Army evaluation of the weapon gave the hit probabilities on a 5 meter wide (15 ft), 2.5 meter tall (7.5 ft) panel moving sideways at 4 meters per second (9 miles per hour).[8] This probability decreases when firing into crosswind due to the unusual behaviour of the round; in a 7-mile (11 km) -per-hour wind, the gunner can not expect to get a first-round hit more than 50% of the time beyond 180m.[9]

Range Percent
50 m 100%
100 m 96 %
200 m 51 %
300 m 22 %
400 m 9 %
500 m 4 %

  History of use

Accurate firing is difficult at ranges over 300 meters and with the RPG-7 the phrase "the closer the better" has always been true. During the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan the mujahideen tended to use the weapon at ranges of less than 80 meters. They were used in the Vietnam war to counter the introduction of the lightly armored M113. This was countered by the mounting of barbed wire bundles or placing sections of chain link fence supported by 2 or 3 "U" shaped engineer stakes in front of the vehicle as a portable stand-off.[10] Coalition armoured vehicles in Iraq have been fitted with "birdcage" slat armour to protect against RPGs.

The RPG-7 was used by the Provisional Irish Republican Army in Northern Ireland from 1969 to 2005, most notably in Lurgan, County Armagh, where it was used against British Army observation posts and the towering military base at Kitchen Hill in the town.[11] The IRA also used them in Catholic areas of West Belfast against British Army armoured personnel carriers and Army forward operating bases (FOB). Beechmount Avenue was renamed "RPG Avenue" because it was chosen many times by the IRA to mount rocket attacks.[12]

In Mogadishu, Somalia, rocket-propelled grenades were used to down two US Black hawk helicopters.[13]

The mujaheddin (in Afghanistan) have formed armored-vehicle hunter/killer teams that work together with as many as 15 RPGs to destroy armoured vehicles.[14]

335 pieces of RPG-7 are expected to be delivered in Philippine Army through a government-to-government transaction.[15]

  Users

  U.S. and Bulgarian soldiers training with RPG-7s.

  A Bulgarian soldier with an ATGL-L(Bulgarian copy of the RPG-7) equipped with a red dot reflex sight.

  A Romanian soldier with an AG-7 (licensed built RPG-7).

  See also

  References

  1. ^ "RPG-7/RPG-7V/RPG-7VR Rocket Propelled Grenade Launcher (Multi Purpose Weapon)". Defense Update. 2006. http://defense-update.com/products/r/rpg.htm. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  2. ^ no rocket motors in OG-7V
  3. ^ "Rosoboronexport". Rusarm.ru. http://www.rusarm.ru/. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  4. ^ John Pike. "RPG-7". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/russia/rpg-7-specs.htm. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  5. ^ Per Ordata
  6. ^ Per [1] The last picture,source from deputy chief designer of Bazalt
  7. ^ Per [2] defense-update RPG-29 due to PG-29V and PG-7VR has same warhead
  8. ^ TRADOC BULLETIN 1, Range and Lethality of U.S. and Soviet Anti-Armour Weapons.. United States Army Training And Doctrine Command. 30 September 1975. 
  9. ^ TRADOC BULLETIN 3, Soviet RPG-7 Antitank Grenade Launcher.. United States Army Training And Doctrine Command. November 1976. 
  10. ^ S.Taylor. "A Troop 4th Squadron, 12th US Cavalry, 1st Brigade 5th Infantry Division (Mechanized)". Atroop412cav.com. http://www.atroop412cav.com/tools/other.html. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  11. ^ Oppenheimer, A.R. (2009). IRA The Bombs and the Bullets: A history of deadly ingenuity. Dublin: Irish Academic Press. p. 227. ISBN 978-0-7165-2895-1. pgs: 240 - 241
  12. ^ Harrison, David (2007-05-13). "Fragile calm behind Ulster's 'peace walls'". Telegraph.co.uk. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1551421/Fragile-calm-behind-Ulsters-peace-walls.html. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  13. ^ Speck, Shane (2004-03-11). "How Rocket-Propelled Grenades Work". Science.howstuffworks.com. http://science.howstuffworks.com/rpg4.htm. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  14. ^ "Popular Mechanics Mar 2004". Books.google.com.my. http://books.google.com.my/books?id=5NIDAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA67&lpg=PA67&dq=Afghanistan)+have+adopting+tactics+that+included+forming+armor-vehicle+hunter-killer+teams&source=bl&ots=_CXmpN8osA&sig=TkmMa1Ls66uEMZF0q4_XlRj8jW4&hl=en&sa=X&ei=VgkeT4mcAoPtrAeu86XMDA&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=Afghanistan)%20have%20adopting%20tactics%20that%20included%20forming%20armor-vehicle%20hunter-killer%20teams&f=false. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  15. ^ Template:Http://www.timawa.net/forum/index.php?topic=26818.0
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm Jones, Richard D. Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010. Jane's Information Group; 35 edition (January 27, 2009). ISBN 978-0-7106-2869-5.
  17. ^ ATGL-L anti-tank grenade launcher, arsenal.bg
  18. ^ http://www.geo-army.ge/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=331%3A2012-04-11-16-56-51&catid=27%3Anews&lang=ka
  19. ^ Lugosi, József (2008). "Gyalogsági fegyverek 1868–2008". In Lugosi, József; Markó, György. Hazánk dicsőségére: 160 éves a Magyar Honvédség. Budapest: Zrínyi Kiadó. p. 389. ISBN 978-963-327-461-3. 
  20. ^ Katz, Samuel (1986) Israeli Defence Forces Since 1973. Osprey ISBN 0-85045-687-8
  21. ^ "Modern Firearms - RPG-7". World.guns.ru. http://world.guns.ru/grenade/rus/rpg-7-e.html. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  22. ^ Carfil website[dead link]
  23. ^ http://www.army.mil.za/equipment/weaponsystems/infantry/RPG7ATRL_106mm­_Recoilless_Rifle_Syst.htm
  24. ^ Sinar Light Antitank Rocket Launcher Retrieved on March 17, 2009.
  25. ^ John Pike (2004-05-14). "The future of Russian-Turkish military-technical cooperation". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/news/2006/06/mil-060626-rianovosti03.htm#. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  26. ^ "RPG-7V1". Fav-club.com. http://fav-club.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=297:rpg-7v1&catid=11:armas-ejercito. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 

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